In order to make sure that America is at the forefront of embracing the potential of artificial intelligence (AI) and mitigating its risks, President Biden is announcing today a historic Executive Order. The Executive Order creates new guidelines for AI safety and security, safeguards Americans’ privacy, advances civil rights and equity, defends the interests of workers and consumers, encourages innovation and competition, and advances American leadership globally, among other things.
The Executive Order expands on earlier steps taken by the President to promote safe, secure, and reliable development of artificial intelligence. These actions were part of the Biden-Harris Administration’s comprehensive strategy for responsible innovation. These actions included work that resulted in voluntary commitments from fifteen top companies.
New Standards for AI Safety and Security
The implications of AI for the safety and security of Americans are growing along with its capabilities. The President takes the broadest steps yet to safeguard Americans against the possible dangers of artificial intelligence (AI) systems with this Executive Order:
- Make it mandatory for creators of the most potent AI systems to provide the US government with the results of their safety tests and other vital data.] The Order will mandate that businesses creating foundation models that pose a significant risk to national security, national economic security, or national public health and safety notify the federal government when training the model and share the outcomes of all red-team safety tests, in compliance with the Defense Production Act. Before businesses release AI systems to the public, these steps will guarantee that they are reliable, safe, and secure.
- Provide tests, tools, and standards to aid in ensuring the safety, security, and reliability of AI systems.] The stringent requirements for extensive red-team testing to guarantee safety prior to public release will be established by the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The AI Safety and Security Board will be established by the Department of Homeland Security, which will also apply those standards to critical infrastructure sectors. The Departments of Energy and Homeland Security will also handle cybersecurity, chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear hazards, as well as the threats posed by AI systems to vital infrastructure. Taken collectively, these represent the biggest steps any government has ever taken to improve AI safety.
- Create stringent new guidelines for biological synthesis screening to mitigate the risks associated with using AI to engineer hazardous biological materials. Federal funding for life-science projects will be contingent upon the establishment of these standards by funding agencies, thereby providing strong incentives to guarantee proper screening and mitigate risks that could be exacerbated by artificial intelligence.
- By creating guidelines and best practices for identifying AI-generated content and verifying official content, you can shield Americans from fraud and deceit that is enabled by artificial intelligence. To properly identify content produced by artificial intelligence, the Department of Commerce will create guidelines for watermarking and content authentication. Using these tools, federal agencies will make it simple for citizens to verify the legitimacy of communications they receive from their government and serve as a model for governments and the private sector globally.
- Developing AI tools to identify and resolve vulnerabilities in vital software should be the focus of an advanced cybersecurity program that builds upon the Biden-Harris Administration’s ongoing AI Cyber Challenge. By working together, these initiatives aim to better secure software and networks by utilizing AI’s potentially revolutionary cyber capabilities.
Direct the National Security Council and the White House Chief of Staff to draft a National Security Memorandum outlining future security and artificial intelligence initiatives. In addition to directing actions to counter adversaries’ military use of AI, this document will ensure that the military and intelligence community of the United States use AI safely, ethically, and effectively in their missions.
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The directive suggests that one of the biggest threats presented by artificial intelligence, according to the White House, is the quick development of sophisticated cyberweapons.
The order would mandate that companies creating powerful AI models submit regular reports to the Commerce Department detailing their plans to protect their technology from espionage or digital subversion, and that big cloud service providers like Amazon and Microsoft notify the government each time a foreign national rents server space to train a large AI model. This would help prevent powerful AI models from ending up in the hands of foreign adversaries.
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Biden’s principal technology advisor, Arati Prabhakar, the director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, stated at a Washington Post event. “And that is a huge deal because there is a great chance for leadership if you get that right.”
“I anticipate that the OMB guidance will be released soon,” Prabhakar continued, “as staff has been working on it concurrently with the EO.”
In September, Prabhakar hinted at the impending AI executive order, saying it would dictate how the executive branch employs the technology to both “seize the huge opportunities” and reduce risks. She went on, “The EO will be broad.”
It is anticipated that the OMB’s AI guidance will contain much more specific instructions on how federal officials and agencies should integrate AI technology and policies into their own operations.
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Over the course of the war, the White House has released and downgraded intelligence findings regarding Russian action. The administration has stated in the past that it has taken action to reveal intelligence on Russian plans for disinformation and other activities in order to make allies aware of Moscow’s intentions and make Russia reconsider its plans before launching an operation.
As Kyiv attempts to fend off Russia in a war that appears to have no end in sight, President Joe Biden is pressuring the Republican-controlled House to support increasing funding for Ukraine. This coincides with his most recent disclosure of intelligence regarding Russia’s struggles.
As he reiterated his call for Congress to approve a nearly $106 billion supplemental funding request that Biden unveiled last week, Kirby cited the data. Over $61 billion in funding is requested for Ukraine.